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Socio-Technical Transition in the Commercial Road Transport Sector: The Case of Motorcycle-Tricycle Transition in Maiduguri Metropolis

Socio-technical transition is a gradual but continuous process of a holistic shift in the social and technical components of a regime. Socio-technical transitions have defined pathways along which transition processes occur. This paper offers a descriptive analysis of the transition process that occurred in the commercial road transport sector in Maiduguri city, the capital of Borno state, Nigeria. The motorcycle mode of passenger transport used to be the dominant means of local travels since year 2000 up till 2011, when the machine was finally banned by the government for security reasons. At the same period, the tricycle technology was fully developed in niches and subsequently grew to occupy the space created by the absence of the motorcycle and eventually became the dominant vehicle in the mass transport regime. The transition dynamics involved was analysed using socio-technical transition pathway theory (the multi-level perspective) and a wide range of data on historical population of commercial passenger transport vehicles in Maiduguri, collected from field survey study. It was found that the motorcycle-tricycle transition pathway involved a complete de-alignment of the regime in the absence of a significant re-alignment dynamics. Thus, the technological change was a radical one whose pathway involved partial characteristics of de-alignment/re-alignment scenario.

Multi-level Perspective, Road Vehicles, Security Issues, Transition Pathways

APA Style

Hussaini Mohammed, Ali Muhammad Grema, Sani Ibrahim. (2022). Socio-Technical Transition in the Commercial Road Transport Sector: The Case of Motorcycle-Tricycle Transition in Maiduguri Metropolis. International Journal of Systems Engineering, 6(1), 1-9.

ACS Style

Hussaini Mohammed; Ali Muhammad Grema; Sani Ibrahim. Socio-Technical Transition in the Commercial Road Transport Sector: The Case of Motorcycle-Tricycle Transition in Maiduguri Metropolis. Int. J. Syst. Eng. 2022, 6(1), 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ijse.20220601.11

AMA Style

Hussaini Mohammed, Ali Muhammad Grema, Sani Ibrahim. Socio-Technical Transition in the Commercial Road Transport Sector: The Case of Motorcycle-Tricycle Transition in Maiduguri Metropolis. Int J Syst Eng. 2022;6(1):1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ijse.20220601.11

Copyright © 2022 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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